Justice V R Krishna Iyer the great humanist Judge

Justice. V R Krishna Iyer the great humanist judge

By Adv. George Merlo Pallath, President, The Ernakulam bar Association

 

 

We inherited the judicial system set up by the British for preserving their control over India and to keep us Indians subjugated. It was always meant to favour the ruling elite at the cost of the toiling masses. Then when we finally became independent we gave to our self the Constitution of India which was an amalgam of the constitutions of USA, Britain, Russia, France and Canada. The founding fathers including B R Ambedkar took note of the great disparities existing in our society which was caused by 400 years of British colonization and exploitation and before that the caste system of our forefathers.

The primary focus of the Constitution of India was to wipe away these inequalities and the disparities and make our society more justice oriented and creating equality amongst all. This is well defined in the constitution in Article 14 which states that all citizens are entitled to equal protection of law and equal rights. The single biggest development is that we gave to our self a constitution which gives wide powers to the Indian Judiciary unparalleled anywhere in the world.

It is in these circumstances that Justice V R Krishna Iyer was born and brought up. He has seen all the failings of the system and experienced the travails of the downtrodden right from his childhood days in the small village at Palghat. After becoming a lawyer, he started his practice at Thalassery. Malabar, became a trade union leader, was jailed, then was a sympathizer of the leftists who were sincere and stood up for the masses during the early period of the leftist movement.

Without doubt he was a brilliant lawyer who had a thorough understanding of the plight of the masses and the Indian society. He also had the rich experience as a young minister in the first leftist government of Kerala which took charge in the year 1957. As a young minister of Irrigation and power, he went from village to village to implement innumerable small and medium projects. He was instrumental in the passage of many path breaking bills during his tenure as minister. The most important being the Kerala Education Bill, Agrarian Relations Bill, Agricultural debt relief bill, Kerala Dowry Abolition Act, Land Reforms Act was formulated during the tenure of Smt. Gowri Amma, Justice. V.R Krishna Iyer played an important part in its  formulation. Even though many people refers to him as a leftist, it is safer and more correct to label him as a great humanist who understood the feelings of the masses.

When he was elevated as a judge of the High Court of Kerala, he obtained a real opportunity to do something about all this inequalities which existed and he started a new saga of making his judgments bring about social change in all spheres. He can truly be said to the foremost justice who used his tenure ship for bringing about social change and to dramatic effect.

Till his retirement, we were treated to a sumptuous feast of judgments which were all path breaking and created new inroads in the evolution of law and in the justice rendering system. These are just some of his path breaking judgments which brought about momentous changes in the whole judiciary and administrative set up of this country. In Maneka Gandhi vs Union of India, he wrote a separate judgment upholding the right to freedom of movement of a citizen. In C.B Muthamma vs Union of India AIR 1979 Sc 1868, he ruled against gender discrimination. He struck down a provision in the Indian Foreign Service which mandated that women IFS officers must resign on marriage. He was always against death sentence. He stated that death sentence must be ordered only in the rarest of rare case. It was V R Krishna Iyer who forged the concept of Public Interest Litigation (PIL) which has become the most potent weapon for the benefit of weaker sections of the community. He expanded the concept of state to include corporations and other instrumentalities of the state. As a minister of prisons, the practice of handcuffing of prisoners came to an end . It was followed by a judgment Sunil Batra vs Delhi administration AIR 1978 SC 1675 which brought untold relief to the prisoners all over India. In another decision of far reaching consequences which is  reported in AIR 1980 SC 1622 ( Ratlam Municipal Council vs Vardhichand , he ruled that financial inadequacies of a municipality would not absolve it of carrying out its public duties and abatement of public nuisances. This decision is significant in 4 aspects. (1) it enabled social justice by giving procedural justice. The people must have access to the courts to enforce public duties. (2) that public nuisances occasioned distributive justice. (3) Industries cannot profit at the expense of public health. This is an early precursor to the polluter pays principle now very commonly used by the courts to fine polluting industries. (4) the municipalities and corporations were obliged to comply with their public duties to abate public nuisance regardless of their financial health.

In short no other judge has contributed more to the jurisprudence of compassion than our great Justice Krishna Iyer. In Bangalore Water Supply case, wherein he observed that a worker oriented statute must receive a construction where conceptually, the keynote thought must be the worker and the community.

But the real feather in his cap came soon after his elevation as the Supreme Court Judge in July 1973 when an appeal filed by Indira Gandhi disqualifying her came before him. He did not flinch under the intense political pressure and refused to grant blanket stay to the then prime minister which was reported in AIR 1975 SC 2299. Even his most vehement critic Sr. Adv. H M Seervai who described it as the finest hour of the Supreme Court of India.

Even after 35 years, the judgment Moti Ram vs State of Madhya Pradesh by V.R Krishna Iyer on liberating stringent conditions while granting bail to an accused still reverberates in the courts rooms today.  He wrote more than 500 judgments within 8 years as a supreme court judge which is phenomenal in that all these judgments have had far reaching effect on all the aspects of jurisprudence, rendering justice to the poor and under privileged. Apart from all his judgments, he has written innumerable articles, essays and books which even now we find extraordinary. In 1998 he wrote an article heavily criticizing the VIP syndrome. In his words, the very concept of VIP is anathema to a socialist democracy like India. In 1998 he agreed with the suggestion of Manmohan Singh that the line of control may be turned into a line of peace. He castigated the state of Kerala calling it the most drunken state in India. In 2005 about the commercialization of education he wrote  “commercialization of the right to education may tend towards cadaverisation of the constitutional right to life in dignity. We have to salute his wisdom, vision and above all his love of people.

Normally after retirement, judges tend to fade into oblivion. But not Justice V R Krishna Iyer. He became the most vocal voice of the downtrodden and always had the knack to stay in the limelight. One may safely say that Justice V R Krishna Iyer became more potent and effective after his retirement and always remained an effective voice everybody listens. In fact future students of law will have to study the law as it existed before V R Krishna Iyer and after his lifetime just like AD & BC.

I can only compare him to a great river of justice and compassion which flowed without interruption till his death on 4th of December 2014. In his death India has lost one of its finest sons. He may be called the most complete judge India has ever seen who lived ahead of his time. I can only lament that we have lost a great humanist judge who gave importance to human life and dignity by adopting compassion and humanly approach in his judgments and all his actions. Justice V R Krishna Iyer was called the living legend. He will remain a legend in eternity. Pranaam.

Dated this the 9th day of December 2014.

Religious foolishness of humans

Religious foolishness of humans

By George Merlo Pallath

 

A man is born into bondage- the birth determines his religion, his nationality, race, caste and ethnicity. He had no choice of his own. He will be conditioned and brain washed into adhering to all these manmade boundaries and divisions. Otherwise, he will be hounded by his own people, branded a traitor, and considered an outcast. As the famous world teacher J Krishnamurthi observed Truth is a path less land. Man cannot reach it through any organization, religion, dogma, ritual, philosophy, or technique.

We are all second hand people. Even our outlook, understanding of the world around us is determined and shaped by the environment in which we live. Our background and relationships and experiences shape our thoughts and the way we react to situations. Our understanding is what we perceive. It need not be true or correct. We are influenced by so many factors. We are all conditioned people, conditioned to believe in a certain God, religion, certain “ism’s”, nationality, caste, ethnicity and so on. A person born in a Hindu family will be conditioned to believe in Hinduism, likewise a person born in Christianity will be conditioned to believe in the teachings of Christ and so on. There are no really free people on Earth. People are burdened by so many prejudices and past experiences that nobody can be said to have a free clear vision.  We know only what we have learnt through the screen of our prejudices, our conditioning as a Hindu, a Christian, or a communist. We carry around the dead weight of all our past experiences, acquired knowledge and conditioning. Because of this dead weight we are unable to perceive the reality as it is. We only get a perverted vision and understanding.

Moreover all these vested interests like established religions, governments, political parties, sects, ism’s  exploit, use individual people and their brainwashed prejudices for their own purposes. Individuals have no freedom. They are all exploited by one group or other. Individuals indulge in violence in the name of religion, God, nationality, political beliefs, ethnicity, caste etc. They use violence because they are all misguided by their beliefs. To live in conformity is gratifying, it assures security to the disciple, and gives power to the disciple as well as the teacher. Through conformity, there is the strengthening of authority, secular or religious, and conformity makes for dullness. Once they are free individuals, without any conditioning, there cannot be any violence. It is so easy to misguide the people. To use their prejudices and conditioning to exploit them and in the process they lose their peace, their lives.  More people have been killed in violence unleashed by strong religious groups in the name of God than all other types of natural disasters. As long as “Man” is psychologically or physically used, whether in the name of “GOD” or of the State, there will be a society based on violence. Using “man” for a purpose is a trick employed by the politician and the priest.  Man does not hesitate to even exploit “God”. That word is to be made use of, to be exploited for their petty material gains. If the means is imitation, the end must be a copy. If the mind is shaped in the beginning, it must also be conditioned at the end. Let us realize that  “LOVE” is the only creative and constant revolution. We are all individual pearls in different shapes, sizes and texture and hues. As individuals we must shine. The world cannot be transformed till the individuals are transformed. Only a happy man can bring about a new social order. A person who is identified with one ideology or belief cannot be happy. Since he believes in an idealism that cannot be attained. Which is not real. Only when the mind is free from its projections, can there be happiness. If we are able to shed the dead weight of our past experiences, acquired knowledge and perceive and understand the reality as it is without any distortions then we will be happy. Let us become first hand people, let us be our own masters instead of following someone else’s teachings or preaching. All the manmade fences of religion, politics etc must be pulled down.

Is tomorrow better than today

Religious leaders exhort people to follow their path so that they will be assured of a better existence after death. Politicians exhort people to follow their ideologies for a better tomorrow. Revolutionaries say they are ready to kill or be killed for a better tomorrow. From the beginning of humans, we all know that we have been led or misled by different breeds of these so-called leaders. It seems we are all more interested about tomorrow than today. For the promise of a better tomorrow, we are ready to sacrifice our today. Nobody wants to live their present. We are ready to waste our today, this moment in the hope of getting a better tomorrow. We use up a good chunk of our lifetime in conducting so many religious rites, customs, penance’s for a better tomorrow. We sacrifice our today in the fond hope for an ever-elusive state of happiness tomorrow. Many people work their heart out to make money, then when they have money their search for happiness does not end, but only begins. They find that money by itself does not give happiness. Then they get into spirituality or what ever else, which catches their fancy. But I doubt whether anybody has really found happiness. Happiness remains an elusive mirage for the vast majority.

Religious foolishness of mankind:-

Man is inherently insecure. He is afraid of loneliness, death, of not being loved, of not becoming famous, not being physically secure, of the future, of not making enough money, losing at exams, losing our positions, becoming old or sickly etc. There is a lot he is frightened of. Moreover the so called religious leaders frighten him further about life after death, heaven and hell, karma and its results and so on. The list is endless. To overcome his fears, Man has created many ism’s, religions, Gods, Nations, groups etc. Nations have spent billions in the name of security for providing defenses of all kinds of weapons of mass destruction. But still the feeling of insecurity has only increased. Not decreased. All these man made groups and religions and ism’s have created divisions amongst mankind and it has created further insecurity. Acquiring money has become all-important nowadays only because people feel that more money will make them secure, it will give them more power and they will be able to gratify their desires. But more money will inevitably make them feel more insecure. They will then start feeling frightened of losing it. They will feel that without money what will they do? How will they live? Man is not afraid of the unknown. He is afraid of losing the known. It is the fear of losing the known, your pleasures, your attachments, possessions, that makes you most frightened. But man requires security. Security is all-important to humans. To get this feeling of security, man has run round in circles for so many centuries. Primitive man used to be terrified of thunder and lightening, of wild animals. History is replete of primitives feeding humans to dragons so that the rest of them may live in peace. They created a God out of their feeling of insecurity. With more intellectual awakening, the concept of God also became refined. Man created different Gods as suited to their requirements in different civilizations. The ancient Egyptians had their “Ra”, the Hindus have their ‘Rama”, the Greeks had so many Gods. With the advent of persons like Buddha and Christ, the concept became very well refined. But the basic principle has not changed much. Even now we go to places of worship for getting a feeling of security. We are conditioned into believing in one God or another. We are also conditioned into doing certain rituals. We are conditioned into believing in God and evil. Heaven and hell. Whether you want to be on the side of God or devil. We have no choice.  So when we do it as we are taught, we have a feeling of well being. If we do not do it we have a  guilty conscience. Christians have been taught to go to Church on Sundays or else they are sure to go to hell after their death. A child is taught to pray before sleeping so that the Gods will protect the child from evil spirits. It is a conditioning. To conform is gratifying, it assures security and power to disciple. Through conformity, there is the strengthening of authority, secular or religious, and conformity makes for dullness, which they call peace. In fact the human mind is very vulnerable. It requires such props and mental games for it to be healthy. So religions fulfill something psychological in Man. The concept of “GOD” is a requirement for man. So man invented or created different “Gods” as per his requirements. The Different “Gods” are mere mirror images of man’s own mind. Once a God is created, religion forms around it automatically. Once religion is formed we have the priestly class. Then it becomes the vested interest of the priestly class to preserve, protect and propagate the religion. Once mankind gets divided along so many different Gods, religions, belief’s the vested groups encourage conflict between them so that they can survive. All the conditioned second hand people are used to promote this useless and wasteful conflict.. Each person is identified by his religious belief’s, the individual loses his individuality. Individuals forget that all are individual humans just like themselves. One is a Muslim, the other is a Christian, another is a Hindu and so on. There is really no Muslim human being or Hindu human being. There is only one human being. The rest are all man made.

Followers of Christ’s message are called Christians. But in reality how many Christians really follows the message of Christ. The real followers of Christ do not differ from the real followers of Krishna or Buddha. They must be good righteous people who serve mankind and promotes love and peace. All religions preach that we are all part of the whole. We should love everyone. We should not hate even our enemies’ etc. But now we find that we are being conditioned into hating other religions, other communities, other people. A policy of intolerance has been promoted deliberately by vested interests with ulterior motives. We relish in cultivating inequality.

There are no founders for any religion. Each religion follow the message of some divine persons {enlightened persons} They were all men of peace, Messengers of love. These messengers of peace, love and understanding never founded any religion. They never wanted to convert any body into any particular religion. They never promoted any religion. Buddha never promoted Buddhism. Christ never promoted Christianity. Even Sree Narayana Guru never wanted his followers to be known as a separate caste. They only wanted the people to do good, to love each other and live in peace. But it is always the followers with materialistic aims and ambitions who start to propagate their Guru’s message and create a new religion. Religion becomes propaganda, Religion is essentially based on acceptance of a theory. The followers instead of absorbing the teachings and message create a new God, out of their Guru. They become a new cult with its own rites and customs. We are being used both psychologically and physically by the priests, politicians for their narrow gains.

All the religions that we know came into being with the intention of refining Man. Taking out the animal instincts out of Man and make him evolve into something Godly. But it is a sad fact that more humans have been killed in the name of religion than all the natural calamities put together. People have exploited religion to attain power, prove superiority, promote hatred. The world will be a much better place without any of these religions. It is a debatable question whether religions have achieved their stated objectives, whether they have succeeded in refining Man. After some time, religions lose their focus and instead of serving mankind it grows into some gargantuan monster which starts to exploit man for its own objectives.

It is high time that people of all religions open their eyes and understand that the inherent message of all religions are one and the same. Whatever the religion, it is the individual man who should be refined of his greed, desire, hatred, jealousy etc. But we see people indulging in all sorts of mischief in the name of religion. A true seeker of God has no religious boundaries. Religions exist for the goodness of mankind. Mankind does not exist to propagate one religion or another. There is no good religion or bad religion. All religions are good. It is when it is misinterpreted by some for their selfish interests, it becomes misplaced. Once the individuals become realized, the whole world will become haven of peace, friendship and harmony. The moment I realize that I am the world and the world is me, them I am not a Christian, nor a Hindu, or a Buddhist. I am a human being like everyone else.

There is no necessity for us to be bounded by any particular religion, race or caste. Rise above these narrows confines and free yourselves. All are created equal. All are reflections of God. It is the acquired dirt that will determine the brilliance of the reflection. Remove the dirt, break the shackles, be free, realize yourselves and become part of GOD. Realize that LOVE is the only creative and constant revolution.

 

Our cosmos and the Vedic Philosophy

Our Cosmos and the Vedic philosophy

By Adv. George Merlo Pallath.

 

What is the meaning of life? Why do we exist as humans? Where are we in relation to the cosmos? What is the difference between the rest of matter and life? These are questions that any intelligent person must have asked at some point in his life. But to get meaningful, foolproof and acceptable answers to these questions are very difficult. In a way it is like the ants seeking answers about the human civilization. It is beyond the comprehension of mere humans.

But we humans are so egoistic that we cannot accept the fact that we are close to nothing when compared to the cosmos. Just imagine the fact that our galaxy is just one among the billions of galaxies existing in this vast and unfathomable universe.  In the universe, our galaxy is a mere dot. In this single galaxy there are billions of stars equal to our sun. Our sun is a mere dot among the billions of stars in our galaxy called the “Milky Way”. Light is considered to be the fastest to reach one point from another point in space. For light to reach our nearest star, it takes light years. Our planet is as small as a pinhead next to a football compared to the sun. As far as we know life in its barest form exist on this planet alone in our planetary system. Whether there is life on other similar planets in other planetary systems is a debatable point. Not answered till date. Since with our primitive science, what we can see of the universe is a mere speck of the entire system. Whatever happens to the human race or to earth for that matter will not make any body sit up and take notice in the universe. In the universe, stars are born and destroyed every second. Whole galaxies are being devoured into black holes and born again.

Against this backdrop we must analyze our position in relation to the universe. Are we important? Are we of any consequence? Is there any difference between the humans and the lowly bacteria.  Does anybody care about what happens to us humans? Nobody cared about the extinction of the dinosaurs. Our maximum imagination is inconsequential in the vast expanse of the Universe. We are made of the elements and we will return to the elements. For a short time some elements are combined together in a special manner to give rise to a specific existence separate and distinct from the surroundings for a specified time. Likewise the bacteria or any other life form also exists. Apart from the special form of bonding amongst the individual atoms and molecules, there will be no existence in this highly individualized style.

What makes us tick? What holds these atoms together? What form of energy is it?

Is it not the same energy that is holding us together, that is holding the planetary system together? The galaxies together? This energy is known by various names. Some call it magnetism, Others call it gravitation. Yet others call it cosmic energy. Only the names are different. Whatever it may be it is the single common factor in molecules, living beings, elements, stars and the cosmos. You visualize a situation where this energy is withdrawn, every thing will come apart, separates, collapses. Universes collapse, our body collapses, molecules collapse. Is it this energy that we call life. Or is life energy another form of energy that has not yet been identified.

Every one knows that energy cannot be created nor destroyed. It can only be converted from one form to another or from matter to energy or viceversa.  As far as the universe is concerned, there is no time. Time exists only for us mortals. We are born in one form and that form dies after the prescribed time. But for the universe there is no time. There is no beginning or end. It goes on and on. Stars die and new stars are born every second. Galaxies are created and destroyed every second. Black holes consume whole galaxies. Constant recycling is taking place. Recycling of energy, matter, space and time.

Our Sun is a middle-aged star. Some more millions of years, it will die. Then our earth will also cease to exist. Millions of years is a small period in the history of this timeless universe.  According to the latest theory this particular universe started some 12 billion years back. Before that there was nothing. Then suddenly out of nowhere, a small atomic sized universe of unimaginable density was formed within a fraction of a second after the creation and then it exploded into a cataclysmic cloud of heat and dust. Matter and anti matter was formed. It continued to expand and cool to form the present universe. This universe is continuously expanding as found by Hubble, a space scientist. Now we have evidence that the universe is expanding at a much faster pace than previously believed. In fact it is expanding at about a billion miles all around every second. Galaxies are moving apart at great speed. In the distant future, the universe will expand into nothingness. Maybe after another billion years there will be another big bang and a repeat of every thing.

According to the theory of universe in the Vedas, there is no beginning or end. It will be created and destroyed again and again. It will go on continuously forever cyclically. As per the ancient Hindu Vedas, universes are created and destroyed on a daily basis. The force that makes it all happen is called “Ishwara”. The whole universe and the matter and the energy came into existence by the thought of “Ishwara” or the Cosmic Consciousness. Every thing is part of the whole. All the objects in the universe is affected by all other objects whether big or small. Every thing is part of the whole.

This same idea is gaining ground among the greatest astro physicists. We are composed of the same material that is found in stars, meteorites, and cosmos. All this material came from one source, the thought of Iswara. At first there was an atomic sized universe. This atomic sized universe started with the big bang and is continuously expanding at breakneck speed. If it continues to expand at this rate, at some point in the future, the universe will disappear into nothingness. This is the theory that stands now.

When a man falls from the top of a building to the ground, he dies, not because his atoms and molecules collide with the atoms and molecules of the earth, but because his electrically charged force field collides with the electrically charged force shield of the earth. If this force field is withdrawn he will go right through without getting hurt in any manner.

It is well settled that light is the only constant in the universe. In the Bible, God Said “ Let there be light”. Every thing came from light. In all experiences of man who had conversed with God, it is described as a blinding light or flame.

As per the descriptions in the Vedas, a yogi who has merged his consciousness with the cosmic essence perceives this light. He finds no difference between the light rays composing water and the light rays composing land. Free from matter consciousness, free from the three dimensions of space and the fourth dimension of time, a master sees through the delusions concerning matter and its gravitational weight. He sees the universe as an essentially undifferentiated mass of light. Just like when we see the movies, different images fleets across the screen. But essentially it is all light. According to the Vedas, creation, what we perceive as reality around us is only one vast motion picture. It is not the reality. Reality lies beyond it. Our scientists spend a lot of time to understand this perceived reality that is but Maya. However much we perceive it, it is of no avail. The reality is something else and lies beyond it. This whole universe is but a thought projection of the Supreme Reality { Cosmic Consciousness} or God whatever we may choose to call it. Mass is noting but individual atoms clustered together. Held tightly by the gravitational force exerted by the individual atoms. Positive and negative.  Like the law of Newton “ “ To every action there is an equal and opposite reaction”. This whole universe is existing on this one principle of equal and opposite forces. If there are no opposite force, it will all fall apart. All the laws of physical science works within this parameter of equal and opposite forces.  The humanity must surmount this law of duality and try to perceive the unity of the creator. Those who cling to the cosmic illusion of duality must accept its essential law of polarity, day and night, pleasure and pain, good and evil, birth and death. To tear this veil of Maya is to pierce the secret of creation.  The yogi who thus denudes the universe is the only true monotheist. All others are worshipping heathen images.  In the end man must learn that there is no material universe. Their warp and woofs are mere illusion. Maya.  One by  one all the reassuring props of physical cosmos {The established laws of physics} shall crash beneath him. No purpose will be served by one spot of light on the cinema screen investigating and thinking about another spot on the screen. The truth lies elsewhere.

Another way we can think about it is to consider all that is known to humanity as the known and whatever is not knowable as the unknown. We can think any thing, we can imagine any thing, we can study anything , but all this will come within the known. About the unknown we cannot think imagine or study. It is the unknown. It will not be known. It is beyond our comprehension, imagination and thought. Matter and antimatter, Known and the unknown, positive and negative. The more we study it the more complex it becomes. Its study will only make us feel more and more frustrated. I hope one day every thing will be revealed to us or atleast to some individuals.

Rebirth, resurrection and recycling

REBIRTH, RESURRECTION AND RECYCLING

By

George Merlo Pallath

 

Humans want to be immortal. Every body wants to go to heaven, but nobody wants to die. Given a choice, we would all like to live forever. Right from the beginning of human civilization, different civilizations have tried their level best to cheat death. The great pyramids of Egypt and of the Mayan Civilization were all the result of this Herculean effort by these civilizations chasing immortality. All the major religions promise their followers that there is life after death. Christians believe in resurrection, Hindus in rebirth, Muslims believe in Heaven etc. This is the ultimate promise to mankind. To give a hope that there is no death. Almost 99% of the humans want to believe in it. But the age old concept of rebirth and resurrection are getting outdated. It is high time that we find a plausible explanation for our feeling of being always here.  In fact it is proven that there is a strong reason for our feeling of being here always.

Our bodies are a mere combination of all the elements and energy that we have accumulated through our life. When a child grows, it is absorbing nutrients from nature.  In other words, we are continuously borrowing from nature. But like all borrowings, it is to be paid back. Once we die, all these individual constituents get separated and go back to nature. Just like the water that we drain out into the canals reach the rivers and lakes which then become one with the ocean. Then the very same water molecules get evaporated to form rain bearing clouds that come back to the land as monsoon rains. The water remains as such. It takes various forms and becomes part of our bodies, the trees, worms, waste etc. Then the whole cycle is repeated. The water in our body becomes part of the ground water or the water vapor in the atmosphere.

When the energy level ebbs to its lowest level, life cannot be sustained any longer, the individual cannot survive as a separate entity any longer and the individual comes to an end. If at all there is any thing that resembles the concept of soul, it is only a form of energy that becomes part of the universal soul {energy}. All these constituent matter and energy that once existed together in symbiosis as a being becomes loose and separate. They go their own ways and all of them will become parts of  nature till it again gets trapped in the body of another being. The Newton’s theory that Energy cannot be created or destroyed is once again proved. It always exists in one form or other. It keeps on changing form. It can exist as energy or matter. Electricity can become Light energy, sound energy, magnetism etc. gravity becomes converted into electricity in hydro electric plants. The energy in sun light gets trapped by plants. The energy is always there in one form or another. Even the sun has a birth and death.

Matter is constituted of molecules, which are a combination of atoms. These atoms are constituted of electrons, protons, neutrons etc. These electrons, protons and neutrons are made up of positrons, neutrinos, quarks etc. The scientists call the particles forming gravity that is a weak form of energy “Gravitons”. Then there are ultra violet, infra, gamma rays etc. are also bundles of energy { photons} in different forms. There is no end to it. These sub atomic particles are also made up of Energy that is no different from the sub atomic particles that make up matter. The force of gravity, electromagnetism, strong energy, weak energy, dark matter etc are all the same. In fact the sub atomic particles in light energy, sound energy, magnetism, are no different than the subatomic particles in the atoms of iron, gold, potassium, sodium, uranium, water. Even the organic matter which make up our living bodies are constituted of these very same particles. Different combinations and bondings give rise to different properties.

According to one theory, our body is a colony of billions of bacteria living together symbiotically like a beehive. It is the most complex and highly evolved colony that has decided to live together for the better survival and adaptation with the surrounding environment. It took billions of years of evolution for this marvel of symbiosis to come together and live as an individual. It is scientifically accepted that if there are 10 Trillion human cells in our body, there are more than 100 trillions of bacteria in a human body living in harmony with our cells as a single colony.

The living beings are made up of cells, which are nothing but a combination of complex molecules made up of complex atomic groupings and bonding. These atoms and the sub atomic particles, which they are made up of, is no different than the sub atomic particles found in light energy, or matter or a star. In short there is basically no difference between the human beings and the wind or the sun and the soil or the light and the water.  The entire universe is made up of the very same matter or energy. Now the physicists are propagating a new theory called the “String theory” or “M” theory according to which the entire universe is connected through strings of energy. The entire universe is one big web of energy. They also postulate that there are parallel universes existing side by side together. We know of only three dimensions. Now it is widely believed that there are 11 dimensions or parallel universes and may be more.  We cannot see it , touch it or perceive it.  But scientists postulate that these parallel universes and dimensions exist. So all the possibilities exist or coexist in different universes at the same time. That is the only way they have been able to explain the dark matter and dark energy or the weakness of the gravitational force etc.  Now scientists say that 96 % of the universe is composed of Dark energy & dark matter. Since the total energy of the universe is considered to be zero.

We are all part of the whole. The difference is only our perception. Our concept of separateness is just a Maya as the Hindus believe. The idea of being an individual which is separate and distinct from its surrounding is as superficial as a wave that arises from the sea. The wave rises from the sea for a short time exists as a separate entity and then it falls back to become one with the sea. But always it is part and parcel of the sea.

So the GOD concept takes in a whole new meaning. At present our vocabulary is very limited. All the languages of the humans are not good enough to explain this concept. God is not separate and distinct from the rest of the universe or the individuals, as we perceive. GOD is not a separate super being who controls every thing and resides in heaven. This whole universe is part and parcel of GOD or should we refer to it as “Universal Consciousness”. We the perceived individuals are also part and parcel of this consciousness. The concept of GOD  is the whole energy of the whole universe and beyond. It is the whole and we are also part of the whole. Hindus refer to this as ATMA and PARAMATMA. So long as we do not understand it we will perceive ourselves as individuals and continue to fight for our separateness, our sense of “I”. So long as we try to create and built upon the “I” we are just wasting the energy. The individual “I” never gets reborn or resurrected. The individual has no immortality. But its constituent parts at an atomic level is immortal. It gets recycled. We, the bundle of energy and mater gets recycled billions of times. Our constituent parts might have existed as part of sun, light, magnetism, gravity, waste, trees, viruses, bacteria, fish etc. The recycling process goes on and on.

Whether we are buried, or cremated or fed to animals, it does not matter. As an individual we will come to an end. It is inevitable. But we the bundle of different kinds of energy will always exist. This collection of energy referred to temporarily as an individual cannot ever be destroyed. There was no beginning and there is no end. We (energy) will be continuously recycled and we will keep on existing. Energy cannot be created or destroyed. It will only keep on changing form and take on different avatars.

Indoctrination of children

Case for banning all religious indoctrination before the age of 18

By George Merlo pallath

India is a secular nation where equality is ensured and guaranteed to all its citizens. As per our constitution, all citizens have the freedom to practice any form of religion of his or her choice or none at all. But in reality do we ever get a chance to exercise our choice? The children are branded into different religions as per their parents wishes as soon as they are born. Even before the person becomes a major, his religion is chosen for him by his parents and community. Does he have any real choice? By the age of 18 years, a person is already brain washed and conditioned into a Christian, Muslim or Hindu. We have so much of religious fundamentalism and divisions in our society due to this system of religious brain washing and conditioning indulged in by our parents and community. Do parents have any right to determine the religion of the child? The child gets severely overburdened by this labels that will have to be carried throughout their life. The child’s vision and capacity for free thought gets compressed by all the religious indoctrination that they have to undergo. They are deliberately made into shortsighted and narrow minded individuals by the society. 99% of the people indulge in this child brain washing unknowingly, without any thought. We have lost our capacity for free thought. Even our leaders and intellectuals have become individuals with tunnel vision.

In India, there are specific laws to protect minors. Minors have no right to contract. Minors cannot give free consent. A minor can get a driving license only when they attain the age of maturity. Minors have no voting rights. There is the Juvenile justice Act to oversee the laws and punishment of crimes committed by minors. But in the case of religion alone, all this is given a complete go bye. Minors are branded as a Muslim, Hindu or Christian before they become a major, even though minors are not considered to have free consent. Not only that religions are imposed, inculcated, and these minors are conditioned into becoming believers of one faith system or another which they believe is the ultimate. So the end result is we have a population of blinded, conditioned, brain washed individuals who fight with one another in the name of their different faith systems. Now religion has become a dirty word, Religion is seen as the perpetrator of all the violence in this world.

Article 14,15, 25 & 26 of the Indian constitution are pointless unless religious education is banned during minority. It is high time that all sorts of religious indoctrination of minors are banned in this society. This labeling of humans must stop. Once an individual attains majority, let each individual citizen decide whether he wants to be a believer or non believer and which religion he wants to be. Then we can say that there is real freedom of choice. Parents should understand that they have no right to decide upon their child’s religion. It is the birth right of each child to choose his or her religion or to remain a non believer.

 

I am not against any religion. But it is high time that all kinds of religious indoctrination are banned during minority and each citizen is given an opportunity to exercise their choice after they become a major. Then it will go a long way in nullifying or at least cutting down all kinds of religious, communal and caste based fundamentalism in this country. Moreover in this scenario, the divisions in society will be torn down and people will start seeing each other as humans and fellow citizens instead of as Hindu, Christian, Muslim or Buddhist. This will make India the most progressive state in the world and a beacon for the rest of the world to follow. We owe this to our future generations. The world will be a much safer place for all humanity.

Dated this the 15th day of February 2015

Parental Tyranny

Parental Tyranny

By George Merlo Pallath

The biggest blessing for a child is to have loving parents . Parents create the proper environment for the child to grow up. Just like a promoter promotes a company, a farmer preserves and protects his plants, parents provide protection, security, love and understanding for their children. True, parenting is a great challenge. But the tragedy is most of the parents have no idea about parenting. They just follow the crowd, try to emulate their parents, peers and friends. The power and influence of the parents in shaping the whole outlook and mind of the child cannot ever be underestimated. They have a huge responsibility to bring up the next generation. The future of the society lies in their hands. We are taught all subjects in schools and colleges. We are also taught to obtain jobs, make money. But nobody teaches us how to be a good parent. Unfortunately knowingly or unknowingly, these parents who are clueless about parenting, about bringing up the child, having their own false, pre conditioned prejudices and views, do a bad job of parenting. For most of the ills of society, the root cause is the conditioning that these people underwent from their parents, how they bring up their children, how they mold the very mind and outlook of their kids.

Recently I saw a poster of a pathetic child on which is written “ I was born an atheist, until someone started telling me lies”.  Right from the infancy of their children, in all good faith, believing that they are doing what’s best for their children,  they label their children as Hindu, Christian , Muslim and starts to indoctrinate them. Filling up those fresh innocent minds with the conditioned views and prejudices of the parents. The fresh brand new uncluttered mind with endless, infinite power is thus conditioned and their young unpolluted mind is filled up with all kinds of beliefs, stories and trash. It is like putting in a lot of unwanted junk software into a brand new computer. Their originality and their capacity to see things in their true perspective are lost forever. They start to believe in all kinds of superstitions, they are taught to be afraid. They learn the meaning of “fear”. Thus these kids with infinite godly powers are limited, secured and sequestered into robotic clones of their parents. They are reduced into people with tunnel vision instead of the wide angle vision that they were born with.

Obesity is a major problem in all developed countries and even developing countries. It is becoming a major problem in Kerala also. The seeds of obesity are laid by the propensity of parents to over feed their children so that they look plump and cute during infancy. Overfeeding is the major cause for development of obesity in adulthood. In a cartoon the father exclaims “ Honey we are killing our kids” referring to over feeding. The parents must become aware of the problems of over feeding at an early age, its effects on the child’s health and its effects on their future.

After that, these children are inculcated to respect their elders, that the elders are always correct, wise  and unquestionable. True, there is nothing wrong in respecting their elders. But this puts some brakes on the children’s thought process. They are taught to unconditionally accept whatever that the elders say as true and correct. Elders are always right. Elders know best.   Questioning is discouraged. Past is more respected than the present. Past is revered. Present is considered inferior. Original thinking is discouraged. The net result is that the new generation’s capacity for original thinking, questioning and improving on the past is lost. They are reduced into a smaller clones of their mediocre elders. All the creativity and inquisitiveness of the fresh minds are suppressed. After 10 years of rigorous schooling, all are ironed out into mediocre, conditioned minds only good for repetition and memorizing. Instead of allowing them to soar like eagles over the clouds, they are confined to becoming mere parrots or mimicry artists.

Our society is witness to rising atrocities against women, rapes and sexual molestation are the order of the day. Where does the blame lie? It begins in each house,  Where the parents condition their children right from infancy to believe that males are superior. Females are inferior and the females must be subjugated. From a very young age itself, the males are taught to dominate, to see females as inferiors to be exploited as wives, maids, sex toys and always to be browbeaten. No wonder there are so much rapes and sexual molestation in our society. The parents are the first persons who should treat both males and females as equals and promote them as equals. Again the role of sex education. The new generation gets a wrong impression about sex through their exposure to porn movies and regular movies. The only sex education that they receive are from movies. Sex is taboo in the house and in schools. Nobody should talk about it. This has contributed in a large measure to these kids having a deformed  idea about sex and women. If we can create awareness  in all children that they are equal regardless of their gender, at least we can expect that the coming society will improve on the present. This is the only solution for all the atrocities against women.

Our society is full of engineers and MBA graduates running from pillar to post for getting employment. But for other skilled jobs there are plenty of vacancies. Everybody wants to be a white collar worker. Again the parents choose what subject their children should study and whether they should become an engineers or doctors or IAS or C.A or some other white collar jobs. These kids having absolutely no interest in math find themselves studying for engineering, no interest in biology studying for MBBS, etc. All other activities of the children are curtailed. They are programmed to just study, pore over the chemistry, physics and math subjects. No sports and games, No cultural activities. Parents go to great lengths to teach their kids to make them score the maximum marks, to get “A” grade, to get their wards admitted to prestigious institutions, all for their future. What future? A future of work ,work and more work. Make money, money and more money. The More the better, even at the cost of family life and health. It almost makes one wonder whether we are all born to study, work and make money only and nothing else. Is this world only worth for study, work and make money?

Our courts are overflowing with matrimonial & criminal cases. Cases in connection with atrocities against women, dowry related abuses, divorces, custody and maintenance. More than 20,000 cases of divorce pending in Kerala Courts alone. Where does the trouble lie? As a lawyer for more than 27 years and as a mediator for more than 6 years, I can personally vouch that parental pressure plays a huge part in the break up of marriages in India. In more than 60% of the divorce cases, the culprits are the parents on both sides, their personal egos, their over protection of their child, money, cash and kind. These parents unwittingly contribute a huge part in creating the havoc and breakups of marriages and personal relationships. Recently the Delhi High Court took judicial notice of this phenomenon and observed that “ parental intrusion is ruining young couples lives”.

All the above are just illustrations of the problems with over parenting, over protecting our kids, not allowing the children to grow up as free individuals. The next generation kids are forced to become clones of their parents. Follow the tradition, religion, petty casteism, outlook, beliefs and superstition. The next generation are programmed into narrow minded and singular tunnel vision individuals. Then how will there be improvement over the past? Only if we bring up the new generation as free thinking individuals, who are capable of thinking on their own, solving problems and being confident in their abilities, will there be real change in India. The immense responsibility must be understood by the parents before they choose to be parents. Let all parents understand this and allow their kids to grow unhindered and unconditioned by the outlook of their parents. The governments must also understand the importance of bringing up the next generation with a world view, unhindered by any conditioning. We should understand that if we want our society to improve, then the new generation must be allowed to grow up with a free mind and free outlook uncluttered by the conditioning of the past and burdened by all the “isms” of their parents. They must be allowed to choose their destiny,  to identify their individual interests and build up their lives as they want, not as extensions of their parents ego or fulfilling the unfulfilled dreams of their parents. Our society sorely need more liberal, cultured individuals without any conditioning and clutter in their minds that can see the world as it is rather than through their parents eyes. They must be allowed to soar on their own individual capabilities and talents. We must let their minds grow like the banyan tree and spread their branches wide. We need  more free thinkers, novelists, creative, inventive, original people, instead of just white collared robots. We must allow our kids to flower individually  in as diverse and brilliant manner as the valley of flowers in the Himalayas.

 

 

 

Money Almighty

“Money Almighty”.

By George Merlo Pallath

“Money, Money ,Money, it’s a rich man’s world” so sang “Abba” the world famous pop band of the 80’.   Money makes the world go round and round. It seems that  we have built up a civilization that has a BIG fixation on money and wealth creation. In the final analysis, it is clear that all the problems faced by planet earth boils down to this one single factor of “wealth creation”.  People are swayed by glitzy cars, ostentatious show of wealth, power and money. It has reached such an extent, that all are assessed , valued on the basis of their show of wealth. Money controls everything. Money is the all powerful God. Money permeates every aspect of our life. In this mindless, senseless , blind rush for money, humans have forgotten themselves.

Human civilization has lost its way somewhere down the line. After the advent of agriculture some 60,000 years back, humans started the ownership thing. To possess plots of land, trees, plants and cattle. From this ownership, humans devised laws to retain their ownership or possession of their precious lands. Humans created money, coins, notes, banks, shares, companies and it goes on. The initial barter system matured into the banking system. Companies became legal entities and developed into huge wealth creation systems. They grew rapidly into all realms and now controls all aspects of human civilization. Multi National corporations decide every single aspect of our puny lives. Companies decide what we eat, what medicines we should take, what to wear, how to live, how to spend your holidays. The list is endless. They make money from your daily life, they make money when you exercise, when you relax, when you sleep, when you love, when you quarrel, there is no escape. We are conditioned into living robots.

Wealth creation became the primary concern of all corporations, companies and the human population. People has become so dependent on this system that there is no escape. Now from the time a person is born, he or she becomes part of the system and there is no escape. They will have to go through the education system, then find jobs, make money, spend money till they die. In the process, people have forgotten themselves. All have become slaves to the system. The system keeps on growing like a monster, feeding on itself. Like rats that keeps on going round and round, so that the machine produces energy, the humans have been reduced into mere work material.

It is clear that Humans have lost their way. They worship wealth, power and money. Religion is the biggest cash cow. Just look at the major religious places of worship. The idols have been covered in gold and diamonds, the roofs have been gold plated, Millions are spent on building monstrous edifices called churches, mosques and temples. All in the name of some unseen GOD. But it is not the Gods they are worshipping. They are actually worshipping wealth. God and Mamon cannot coexist. Humans have made them coexist on planet earth. But it is a false God and a very real MAMON that they are worshipping.  Money is evil. Money has made the whole people blind and hypnotized. The whole society is corrupted. This world is controlled by “mammon”.

So what is happening?  All the animals and birds live off the land, without money. Humans lived for millions of years as pick and choose hunter gatherers. It was only during the last 60,000 years, after the advent of agriculture, Humans have lost their innocence. They have lost their paradise. The work culture was set in motion.

Are we entitled to claim ownership over anything on planet Earth ? It’s a fallacy to think that any part of planet earth belongs to us either singly or together. It is also false to draw imaginary lines across lands and say that this is India and the other side is Pakistan. Planet earth belongs to all the species. The humans have no right  to exploit its natural resources, pollute the air, water and destroy eco systems.

Humans does not care for the environment, plants , animals and resources. They see money in everything. They cut down forests to make money, they kill animals to make money, they pollute the environment to make money, they create belief systems to generate money. Every body gets up in the morning, go to work, make some money then go to sleep, this is repeated for their entire lives. Some lucky ones become rich and powerful, they exploit the system and it is in their interest that the system is retained. Now a mere 6% of the global population controls 94% of the global wealth. This 6% dictates the life of the rest. They control the finances of the globe, pull the strings, make or break nations, create wars, poverty and destruction. All fuelled by our endless greed. It is said that 40% of the fish population has been depleted in the world’s ocean’s. More than 65% of the world’s  forests have been plundered and converted into waste lands. Animals, plants and trees have become extinct. Whole eco systems destroyed,  all in the name of wealth creation. We have polluted our cities, rivers, lands and even oceans. The whole world is on the brink of total chaos due to climate change and global warming. Still the greed for wealth drives the humans to kill, maim, exploit, destroy, wage wars, pollute. All in the name of money. Is wealth, money and power worth it? How much is enough? Who is going to pay for all the pollution ? meet the climate change ? save our planet from this greedy civilization dictated by wealth creation?

People spend their whole life struggling to make money. Nobody takes away anything. Pharaohs have tried, Chinese emperors have tried, many millionaires have tried and failed. Nobody takes anything away. So many empires have withered and died. Civilizations have come and gone. Whatever we throw at nature, nature throws it right back. We are all together hurtling through space at breakneck speed on the spaceship called Earth.

What is the future of our civilization? When all the fresh water has become polluted, when there is no fresh air to breathe, when whole land have become barren, when all the animals have become extinct, when all the fish in the world’s oceans have been depleted, will humans survive by breathing, drinking and eating their ill gotten wealth, bank notes, coins and plastic cards? Have we gone too far? Or is there still hope? It is high time to let common sense prevail. Let us all put our joint efforts together and come together to save the planet from the extinction of our civilization.  Let us stop ourselves from this death trap of wealth creation and start giving importance to the real world of the living planet. So that the next generation may live free of pollution and breathe fresh air, eat organic food, drink fresh water. The biggest wealth is fresh water, fresh air and fresh food. All this human created wealth will be nothing if there is no fresh air to breathe, fresh water and fresh food to relish.